What is the different type of psychological problems? There are many types of mental disorders and these illnesses, like physical illnesses, can cause some unpleasant problems for those who are suffering from them.
Psychological disorders are usually broken into five main categories and many disorders exist within each category. All of these illnesses cause many effects on the lives that they touch. Let’s get on to the different type of psychological problems:
Anxiety disorders are characterized by extreme fear or worry. This family of disorders includes illnesses like generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder.
Mood disorders affect someone’s emotional state and may cause periods of extreme sadness or happiness. Disorders in this group include major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, and premenstrual dysphoric disorder.
Psychotic disorders lead to a loss of reality and abnormal thinking and can also cause delusions or hallucinations. Some psychotic disorders include schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, and delusional disorder.
Personality disorders are characterized by an unhealthy way of unthinking or behaving. Borderline personality disorder, antisocial personality disorder, paranoid personality disorder, avoidant personality disorder, and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder are some types of this group of disorders.
Impulsive control disorders occur when someone has a hard time controlling their behaviors and emotions. Some disorders in this category include oppositional defiant disorder, intermittent explosive disorder, and kleptomania.
When someone struggles with a mental illness, it may negatively affect their overall quality of life. If a mental illness is left untreated, it may lead to the loss of friendships or romantic relationships and cause isolation, which often makes the disorder worse to cope with.
Furthermore, mental illnesses can make it hard for someone to cope with their daily life. This can make it hard for someone dealing with a mental illness to hold down a job, do their school work, and keep on top of bills and housework, and more.
People who have a mental illness are more at risk of becoming a victim of a crime or being taken advantage of. This can set of a chain reaction which may lead to more mental problems, such as a development of a trauma related disorder, such as post traumatic stress disorder.
For some people who have a mental illness, they may have a hard time conforming to societal expectations or laws. While having a mental illness does not cause someone to become more violent, it is believed that a large amount of the prison population is suffering from a diagnosable disorder.
People with psychological problems have an increased chance of turning to alcohol or drugs as a coping mechanism. Additionally, when a mental illness and substance use co-occur, it increases the negative impacts of both disorders.
Someone who has a mental illness is at a higher risk of self harm and suicide attempts. Studies show that over 90% of suicide attempts come from people who have a mental illness.
If you need help with suicidal thoughts, please contact the Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-8255 at any time to speak to a trained counselor or call 911 (or your local emergency number).
The best way to prevent the negative and potentially live altering effects of mental illness is to recognize the signs and to get help. In a lot of cases, a combination of medication and psychotherapy can help individuals with mental illness to lead productive and happy lives.
If you are experiencing any symptoms of mental illness, contact your primary care physician or mental health professional.
If you have a friend or family member who is suffering from mental illness, be sure to offer your encouragement and support.
Even though you may not be able to force them to seek treatment, you can encourage them to get an appointment and help them along with their journey to recovery.